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Clarky65
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PostPosted: Wed Jun 21, 2006 3:18 pm    Post subject: QoS on Adtran NetVanta 1224ST & STR - 12 Phone lines - H Reply with quote Back to top

Ok so here's my situation. We a church with about 12 lines

We have a T1 line that goes into our NetVanta 1224STR then then each desk has a RT31P2 that serves each phone.

T1 Line ---> NetVanta 1224STR ----> RT31P2

We have been having reall bad signal problems lately and I have never set-up the Qos on the NetVanta. Do I need to do that?

Can someone help me out with those settings?
Should I assign unique IP's to each RT31P2 or does it not matter. I have them set to auto right now.

Any suggestions would be great help.

Thanks
Dave Clark
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scerruti
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PostPosted: Wed Jun 21, 2006 3:44 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote Back to top

You don't say how else you use your T1. If you suspect that other traffic is interfering with your phone calls then you would experience some benefit by enabling QoS on your ADTRAN.

I briefly skimmed some ADTRAN documentation and it appears you would need to do the following:
  1. Assign a default COS level to each port that was connected to a Voip adapter. Since this is your highest priority traffic we will assign 7.
  2. Assign COS values to each queue, for example you may consider assigning COS 0-6 to queue 2 and COS 7 to queue 4.
  3. Set up your queuing model (possibly set up all non Voip queues as WWR and expedite your Voip queue).
This whole setup depends on prioritizing the ports as they enter the switch. If people have used the RT31P2 as routers then that traffic may very well be prioritized as well. If you have separated your data IP network from your voice IP network this solution should work to prioritize your Voip traffic.

When your network is quiet you may want to run a Voip test to determine if other problems exist.

[EDIT: QoS on the ADTRAN is not IP dependent. You should not need to change that setting.]

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Clarky65
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PostPosted: Wed Jul 26, 2006 9:47 am    Post subject: Reply with quote Back to top

Other than just people browsing the internet thats about all our T1 is used for. Just Vonage and Internet browsing.

I have never setup a CoS before. I found the Class of Service tab on the switch management in the router, but I am a little lost now as to what I need to do.

Queue Settings
- Queue Type - Weighted or Round Robin
- Queue Weights - I see 1,2,3 & 4 with all having the weight of 25.
- Queue 4 Expedite

Class of Service Priority
- This section has a little chart with radio buttons for Queue 1-4 and you can change the Class of Service Priority 1-7

DiffServ Codepoints to CoS Priorities
- Default DSCP-CoS: - just a check box here
- Specific DSCP-CoS: - Boxes to input numbers and then check boxes next to each to Enable DSCP-CoS.

Sorry to throw all of this on here like this but Im pretty lost at this point.
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EzCo
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PostPosted: Wed Jul 26, 2006 10:09 am    Post subject: Reply with quote Back to top

Clarky65 wrote:
Other than just people browsing the internet thats about all our T1 is used for. Just Vonage and Internet browsing.

I have never setup a CoS before. I found the Class of Service tab on the switch management in the router, but I am a little lost now as to what I need to do.

Queue Settings
- Queue Type - Weighted or Round Robin
- Queue Weights - I see 1,2,3 & 4 with all having the weight of 25.
- Queue 4 Expedite

Class of Service Priority
- This section has a little chart with radio buttons for Queue 1-4 and you can change the Class of Service Priority 1-7

DiffServ Codepoints to CoS Priorities
- Default DSCP-CoS: - just a check box here
- Specific DSCP-CoS: - Boxes to input numbers and then check boxes next to each to Enable DSCP-CoS.

Sorry to throw all of this on here like this but Im pretty lost at this point.


Select Weighted Round Robin, keep all the queues the same weight, check off Queue 4 expedite. Check off 'Default DSCP-COS' box (this is actually an irrelevant setting in your setup). No need to change the CoS Priority chart.

Now, select the ethernet ports that you have the RT31P2s connected to and change their 'Default Class of Service' to either 6 or 7 (doesn't matter, they're both in queue 4). Check 'Apply Default COS to marked and unmarked packets'.

You're done.

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Maestro
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PostPosted: Wed Jul 26, 2006 10:30 am    Post subject: Reply with quote Back to top

CoS is a Layer 2 (switch) QoS marking. DSCP is a Layer 3 (router) QoS marking based on the IP ToS. CoS for Voip should be 5 (6 and 7 are reserved for routing protocols). DSCP for Voip should be 46 (ToS 5 or Expidited Forwarding or EF). Set Queue 4 to expidite.
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EzCo
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PostPosted: Wed Jul 26, 2006 10:56 am    Post subject: Reply with quote Back to top

Maestro wrote:
CoS is a Layer 2 (switch) QoS marking. DSCP is a Layer 3 (router) QoS marking based on the IP ToS. CoS for Voip should be 5 (6 and 7 are reserved for routing protocols). DSCP for Voip should be 46 (ToS 5 or Expidited Forwarding or EF). Set Queue 4 to expidite.


That's true, but that's not necessary for his setup as nothing is going to be trusted after his router. All he needs to do is put traffic from particular ports into a priority queue (4 in this case). What the CoS values are set to isn't important here.

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Maestro
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PostPosted: Wed Jul 26, 2006 11:07 am    Post subject: Reply with quote Back to top

EzCo wrote:
[That's true, but that's not necessary for his setup as nothing is going to be trusted after his router. All he needs to do is put traffic from particular ports into a priority queue (4 in this case). What the CoS values are set to isn't important here.

I understand that it is not trusted beyond his router, but is important to classify and mark the traffic as early as possible (in the switch because it seems to be multiple switch ports based on each user having a voice adapter), and traslate it (to DSCP) correctly to the router so that the router can use it in a strict priority queue out to the Internet.

This will also help keep local things (printing, etc.) from degrading the local QoS.
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EzCo
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Posts: 533
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PostPosted: Wed Jul 26, 2006 12:15 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote Back to top

Maestro wrote:
EzCo wrote:
[That's true, but that's not necessary for his setup as nothing is going to be trusted after his router. All he needs to do is put traffic from particular ports into a priority queue (4 in this case). What the CoS values are set to isn't important here.

I understand that it is not trusted beyond his router, but is important to classify and mark the traffic as early as possible (in the switch because it seems to be multiple switch ports based on each user having a voice adapter), and traslate it (to DSCP) correctly to the router so that the router can use it in a strict priority queue out to the Internet.

This will also help keep local things (printing, etc.) from degrading the local QoS.


The Netvanta, where this configuration is going, is the router and switch in this case. If you look at his setup, it's the only device where any QoS can be configured.

You're point is absolutely correct though. If he did have an external switch, he could set the CoS values on that, translate them to DSCP values and pass them to the router to proper queuing. However, everything he has is all-in-one.

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